This is wear and tear of one or more regions of the wrist joint and is typically caused by injuries in the past or inflammatory causes. Women over the age of 50 are more commonly affected. There is a painful limited range of movement.
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) causes an entrapment of the median nerve at the wrist. It may be caused by injuries from the past, overstraining or wrist osteoarthritis. Entrapment of the nerve causes a disturbance in the sensitivity of the first three-and-a-half fingers. Typically, there is pain, numbness or paraesthesia, particularly at night.
A trigger finger causes the finger to get stuck in flexion. This may be very painful. It is causes by reduced gliding of the finger flexor tendons through the so called annular ligament.
This is osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint (CMC 1), or the thumb joint near the wrist. It may be caused by an injury in the past, or just by wear. It causes pain and limited movement.
This condition causes a string-link hardening alongside the flexor tendons of the palm and fingers. It is associated with diabetes, smoking, alcohol, HIV and chronic lung diseases. There is also a genetic component and men are more often affected than women. The condition is usually painless, however, it causes progressive irreversible flexion contractures of the fingers.
This is an inflammation of the first extensor compartment of the wrist. It is caused mainly by overstraining of the hand (specifically the thumb) and is more common in women. Typically the dominant hand is affected. There is pain when moving the thumb or wrist and there may be swelling.